Countries Quiz with Answers

Countries Quiz

With Answers and Explanations

20 Questions

Test your understanding of the countries around you

1 Which country is the largest by land area?

  1. China
  2. United States
  3. Canada
  4. Russia

Answer: D) Russia

Explanation: Russia is the largest country in the world by land area, covering approximately 17,098,242 square kilometers.


2 What is the capital city of Australia?

  1. Sydney
  2. Melbourne
  3. Canberra
  4. Brisbane

Answer: C) Canberra

Explanation: While Sydney and Melbourne are larger cities, Canberra is the capital city of Australia, purpose-built for this role in the early 20th century.


3 Which African country is known as the “Rainbow Nation”?

  1. Kenya
  2. Nigeria
  3. South Africa
  4. Egypt

Answer: C) South Africa

Explanation: South Africa is often called the “Rainbow Nation” due to its multicultural diversity, especially after the end of apartheid.


4 What is the most populous country in the world?

  1. India
  2. China
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia

Answer: B) China

Explanation: As of 2024, China remains the most populous country with over 1.4 billion people, although India is projected to overtake it soon.


5 Which country is home to the ancient city of Petra?

  1. Egypt
  2. Greece
  3. Jordan
  4. Turkey

Answer: C) Jordan

Explanation: The ancient city of Petra, famous for its rock-cut architecture, is located in southern Jordan.


6 What is the smallest country in the world by land area?

  1. Monaco
  2. Vatican City
  3. San Marino
  4. Liechtenstein

Answer: B) Vatican City

Explanation: Vatican City, an independent city-state within Rome, is the smallest country in the world, covering only about 0.44 square kilometers.


7 Which country is known as the “Land of the Rising Sun”?

  1. China
  2. South Korea
  3. Thailand
  4. Japan

Answer: D) Japan

Explanation: Japan is often referred to as the “Land of the Rising Sun,” which is also the literal translation of its name in Japanese (Nihon or Nippon).


8 What is the official language of Brazil?

  1. Spanish
  2. Portuguese
  3. English
  4. French

Answer: B) Portuguese

Explanation: Brazil is the only country in South America where Portuguese is the official language, due to its colonization by Portugal.


9 Which country is home to the Taj Mahal?

  1. Pakistan
  2. Bangladesh
  3. India
  4. Nepal

Answer: C) India

Explanation: The Taj Mahal, a famous mausoleum and UNESCO World Heritage site, is located in Agra, India.


10 What is the capital city of Canada?

  1. Toronto
  2. Vancouver
  3. Montreal
  4. Ottawa

Answer: D) Ottawa

Explanation: While Toronto is the largest city, Ottawa is the capital city of Canada, located in the province of Ontario.


11 Which country is the world’s largest island nation?

  1. Japan
  2. Philippines
  3. Indonesia
  4. United Kingdom

Answer: C) Indonesia

Explanation: Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic state, comprising over 17,000 islands.


12 What is the official language of Iran?

  1. Arabic
  2. Persian
  3. Turkish
  4. Urdu

Answer: B) Persian

Explanation: The official language of Iran is Persian, also known as Farsi.


13 Which country is home to Machu Picchu?

  1. Bolivia
  2. Ecuador
  3. Peru
  4. Colombia

Answer: C) Peru

Explanation: Machu Picchu, the ancient Incan city, is located in the Andes Mountains of Peru.


14 What is the most populous city in Africa?

  1. Lagos
  2. Cairo
  3. Kinshasa
  4. Johannesburg

Answer: B) Cairo

Explanation: Cairo, the capital of Egypt, is the most populous city in Africa with over 20 million people in its metropolitan area.


15 Which country has the most time zones?

  1. Russia
  2. United States
  3. France
  4. Australia

Answer: C) France

Explanation: Due to its overseas territories spread across the globe, France has 12 time zones, the most of any country.


16 What is the capital of New Zealand?

  1. Auckland
  2. Wellington
  3. Christchurch
  4. Hamilton

Answer: B) Wellington

Explanation: While Auckland is the largest city, Wellington is the capital of New Zealand.


17 Which country is the world’s largest producer of coffee?

  1. Colombia
  2. Vietnam
  3. Ethiopia
  4. Brazil

Answer: D) Brazil

Explanation: Brazil is the world’s largest producer of coffee, responsible for about one-third of the world’s coffee production.


18 What is the official language of Singapore?

  1. Malay
  2. English
  3. Chinese
  4. Tamil

Answer: B) English

Explanation: While Singapore has four official languages (English, Malay, Chinese, and Tamil), English is the main language of government and business.


19 Which country is home to the ancient city of Angkor?

  1. Thailand
  2. Vietnam
  3. Cambodia
  4. Laos

Answer: C) Cambodia

Explanation: The ancient city of Angkor, including the famous Angkor Wat temple complex, is located in Cambodia.


20 What is the largest country by land area in Africa?

  1. Sudan
  2. Libya
  3. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  4. Algeria

Answer: D) Algeria

Explanation: Algeria is the largest country in Africa by land area, covering approximately 2,381,741 square kilometers.

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